Four Phosphonium-based Ionic Liquids. Synthesis, Characterization and Electrochemical Performance as Electrolytes for Silicon Anodes

Nedher Sánchez-Ramírez, Ivonne E. Monje, Vitor L. Martins, Daniel Bélanger, Pedro H.C. Camargo, Roberto M. Torresi

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Herein, we describe the synthesis, characterization and electrochemical performance of four phosphonium-based ionic liquids (ILs) as electrolytes, Physicochemical properties such as viscosity, density, ionic conductivity, and thermal stability of ILs and conventional organic solvent ethylene carbonate (EC)/diethyl carbonate (DEC) were experimentally determined at different temperatures. All ILs showed thermal stability greater than 300 °C, surpassing the stability of the conventional organic solvent, whose flash points were 145 and 23 °C for EC and DEC, respectively. Nevertheless, at room temperature, all ILs are much more viscous than EC/DEC. The composite Si -[P2224][FSI] (triethyl-n-butylphosphonium bis(fluoromethylsulfonyl)imide) and Si-EC/DEC anodes exhibit initial specific capacities at 0.15 A/g of 2409 and 2631 mAh/g, respectively. This demonstrates that despite the inferior transport properties of ILs, short alkyl-substituted phosphonium ILs like [P2224][FSI] are potentially competitive for the new generation of electrolytes for LIBs. NMR, DSC, TGA, and galvanostatic discharged/charged were used as characterization techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202104430
JournalChemistrySelect
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Jan 2022

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